Bài mẫu cho đề thi viết TASK 2 kỳ thi ngày 8-6-2017 tại BC và IDP Việt Nam

Some people say that it is possible for a country to be both economically successful and have a clean environment. Others disagree. Discuss both view and give your opinion.

I totally agree that it is feasible / viable for a nation to achieve economic growth while maintaining a clean environment. However, I understand why many people think that economic success/prosperity and a clean environment do not go hand in hand with (song hành) each other. I will outline my reasons in this essay.

Cách 2: I totally agree that every country has the ability to achieve both economic prosperity and a clean environment. However, I understand why many people think that economic development does not go hand in hand with a clean environment. I will outline my reasons in this essay.

BODY 01:

On the one hand, I can see the reasons why many people assert / claim that no country can emerge as a major industrial power without creating a legacy of environmental damage that can take decades and big dollops of public wealth to undo. They might take / point to China as a typical example of a country that has risen as an economic power and is struggling with severe environmental degradation. It is clear that China’s industrial growth depends mainly on coal, which is plentiful but polluting, and this is the reason why Beijing, the capital of China, along with many major cities in China, is suffering serious air and water pollution that poses not only a major long-term burden on the Chinese public but also an acute political challenge to the ruling Communist Party. And it is not clear that China can rein in its own economic juggernaut. Furthermore, the country is exploiting its natural resources in an alarming rate to fuel the unprecedented economic growth, causing many serious environmental issues such as landslide, the loss of biodiversity and the destruction of natural habitats of many plant and animal species. It is not over exaggerated to say that China is choking on its own success.

However/On the other hand, I believe that it is possible for a country to gain / secure both economic success/prosperity and a clean environment. Many nations have successfully emerged as one of the world’s leading economies focusing on sustainable economic development that is fueled by/relies on service industries. For instance, despite being such a tiny country, Singapore is, to some certain extent, considered the country having one of the fastest economic growth rates and the cleanest environment in the globe. The success of Singapore lies in its viable policies that put a great emphasis on tourism, education, high-technology and finance. Singapore also takes advantage of its geographical location to become one of the world’s busiest logistics hubs and the most attractive tourist destinations, generating billions of US dollars annually. Sustainable development is the utmost goal/lodestar that Singapore’s government is aiming/ following. The majority of the money gained from its service industries is invested back in enforcing environmental laws so as to safeguard the environment, which, in turn, attracting millions of tourists from all over the world visiting Singapore every year. Another example is Japan. Despite being the world's third largest economy which is mainly dependent on heavy industries such as automobiles, textiles, consumer electronics, iron and steel, petrochemicals and shipbuilding, Japan still manages to maintain such a clean environment thanks to applying innovative technologies in reducing various negative effects/influences/consequences of the economy on the environment. It is noticeable that Japan is now using robots to clean up industrial and domestic waste in lakes, rivers, landfills and oceans, minimizing the detrimental impacts that its economic development has on the environment.

In conclusion, while I admit that there are some cases of countries that fail to achieve both economic success and a clean environment, I strongly believe that it is totally possible for a country, despite its geographical and economic limitation, to acquire sustainable economic development.